Sports injuries are injuries that occur in athletic activities. They can result from acute trauma, or from overuse of a particular body part.
Traumatic injuries account for most injuries in contact sports such as Ice Hockey, Association football, rugby league, rugby union, rules football, Gaelic football and football because of the dynamic and high collision nature of these sports, Collisions with the ground, objects, and other players are common, and unexpected dynamic forces on limbs and joints can cause injury.
Traumatic injuries can include:
- Contusionor bruise – damage to small blood vessels which causes bleeding within the tissues.
- Strain- trauma to a muscle due to overstreching and tearing of muscle fibers
- Sprain- an injury in a joint, caused by the ligament being stretched beyond its own capacity
- Wound- abrasion or puncture of the skin
- Bone fracture
- Head injury
- Spinal cord injury
In sports medicine, a catastrophic injury is defined as severe trauma to the human head, spine, or brain.
Concussions in sport became a major issue in the United States in the 2000s, as evidence connected repeated concussions and subconcussive hits with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) and increased suicide risk. It is most pronounced in football, and a related ailment (dementia pugilistica) afflicts boxers, but is also seen in other sports, and in females and adolescents.
Overuse and repetitive stress injury problems associated with sports include:
- Runner’s knee
- Tennis elbow
Some activities have particular risks; see:
- Bicycle safety
- Gun safety
- Sailing ship accidents
- Skateboarding Safety
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